Have you ever wondered about the fundamental laws that make living in a society possible? Here is a list of Civil Rights that the Indian Government provides to each and every citizen.
Civil rights were introduced to maintain a society which flourished intellectually, lived in harmony and focused on personal development.
Here is a list of the top 13 Civil Rights that every citizen of India should know
1. Right to Life
Man must live before he can do anything. The state has to make provisions for the well-being and safety of its citizens. The right also implies the right to self-defense and prevention of suicide.
2. Right to Family Life
Right to family life is of great significance for the continuation of the human race. One can marry the person of his/her choice and produce children.
3. Right to Education
Every state gives its citizens the opportunity to get an education, as only educated people can participate in the working of society and government.
4. Right to Personal Freedom
Right to personal freedom is absolutely essential for the mental and physical growth of an individual. Right to personal freedom can be enjoyed in accordance with the laws made by the state and also in accordance with the interests of society.
5. Right to Religious Freedom
The State does not impose any religion on people, and they are free to adopt any religion and establish their religious institutions.
6. Right to Freedom of Thought and Expression
Right to freedom of thought and expression is also very important for personality development. All people want the freedom to express their thoughts and exchange ideas with others.
7. Right to Freedom of Movement
Every citizen has the right to move freely throughout the country. Citizens are also given the right to go abroad. However, certain areas can be made restricted areas.
8. Freedom of Press
Citizens are given the right to get their views printed in newspapers and periodicals. This right is essential for spreading education and information among the people.
9. Right to Equality
In a modern democratic state, individuals are granted the right to equality. Discrimination on the basis of religion, language, caste, sex and colour is prohibited and everyone is given equal opportunity to develop.
10. Right to Justice
To save the weak and the poor, the right to get justice is also given. This gives people the right to go to court for securing justice. If this right is not given, many other rights also become meaningless.
11. Freedom to Form Associations
In order to fulfill social, economic, political and cultural needs, many form different types of associations and the state recognises their right to do so. But the state does not permit the formation of associations that are considered harmful to the interest of the society.
12. Right to Cultural Freedom
Citizens have been given the right to cultural freedom. They are free to develop their languages, customs, folklore, literature and traditions.
13. Right to Contract
The right to contract gives citizens the right to enter into free contracts with others. This is an essential condition of civilised life as without this, social, economic and political relations cannot be really established.
Civil rights are the most basic and essential rights that citizens of India have. Each individual is morally obligated to act in a rightful way and help those who are simply unaware of their moral responsibilities and their rights.