TBI Blogs: The Very Name of Kolkata Is Shrouded in Mystery. Confused? Read on to Find out More Anando Ghosh November 28, 2016 Blog, History, West Bengal In 2001, India’s ‘Cultural Capital’ Calcutta was renamed Kolkata “in order to match Bengali pronunciation”. However, the origins of the city’s name are still shrouded in mystery. Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys.