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Inspired by Gandhiji, How This Freedom Fighter Brought Together Over 2500 People

In 1970, he established the Mahatma Gandhi Seva Ashram at village Joura in Morena District of Madhya Pradesh to train the youth in self-help and constructive work.

Dr. S.N. Subba Rao, popularly known as Bhaiji, started social work from his student days, before India’s Independence. His connection to Mahatma Gandhiji began with wearing khadi and would eventually expand to a life-long association with Gandhiji’s legacy.

In 1948, he came in contact with Dr. N.S. Hardikar, a prominent freedom fighter and social activist of the time, in a camp at Chitradurga, near Bengaluru, At Dr. Hardikar’s behest, he came to Delhi to work for the All India Congress Sewa Dal in 1951 after earning a degree in law.

The late Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru and other top leaders of the Congress were impressed by his organisational skills, and he was nominated as the Secretary of the ‘Mass Contact Committee’ of the National Committee for the Gandhi centenary celebrations.

He conceived the idea of ‘Gandhi Darshan Train’, and under his direction, the train travelled successfully all over the country in 1968-69.

In 1969, on the invitation of Chairman Dr. RR Diwakar, he joined the Gandhi Peace Foundation as its life member and conducted a chain of youth camps (Shram Shibirs) in the Chambal Valley.

Thousands of men and women from all over India took part in these youth camps. In 1970, he established the Mahatma Gandhi Seva Ashram at village Joura in Morena District of Madhya Pradesh to train the youth in self-help and constructive work.


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With the help of the Ashram, the local youth built several significant roads in the Chambal valley.
Along with other peace workers, Bhaiji worked hard to bring about the historic surrender of more than 600 dreaded dacoits of the Chambal Ghati. In 1972, the Mahatma Gandhi Seva Ashram played host to the surrender ceremony, which took place in the presence of Shri Jayaprakash Narayan.

In 1976, with the efforts of Bhaiji in Bateshwar, Uttar Pradesh, and Talab Shahi, Rajasthan, dacoits surrendered in large numbers. The Ashram undertook different activities for the welfare of families of the victims and of the dacoits who surrendered.

Many developmental works were carried out during 1976-80 in the Chambal Valley, and 34 National Unity Youth Camps were organised. More than 15000 men and women participated.

To mobilise the youth, Dr. S.N. Subba Rao founded the National Youth Project in 1971 under which hundreds of national level youth camps and other programmes were organised in different parts of India including Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Ladakh, Lakshadweep and Andaman.

Camps were also conducted in communal riots-affected places like Bhagalpur, Godhra, Kanpur, Aligarh, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Jammu and Kashmir, etc.

Bhaiji is a specially gifted person who can speak and sing in all the 18 languages recognised under our Constitution. In 1993-94, in collaboration with the Government of India, Bhaiji launched the ‘Sadbhavana Rail Yatra’ over 12 months, touring the length and breadth of the country.

More than 2500 young men and women from 26 States of India and a few from outside, speaking different languages, with different religious faiths and political views, and coming from different strata of society, lived together for 12 months as members of the same family, transcending all differences.

Their mission was to spread the message of love, peace, friendship, communal harmony and world peace. Bhaiji has travelled all over the world to conduct Gandhi youth camps. At the centenary celebrations of Swami Vivekananda’s address to the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago, Bhaiji gave a talk at that forum in 1993. He also took part in the Conference of World Parliament of Religions in South Africa in 2001.

Bhaiji has been honoured with several awards. The Madhya Pradesh Government gave him the Indira Gandhi Award in 2000. In 2001, he was presented with the Sane Guruji Individual Award in Mumbai. The Indian Merchants Chamber honoured him in the year 1992 with an award of Rs.1,00,000. He received the Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavna Award and the National Award for Communal Harmony in the year 2003.


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In spite of being a freedom fighter, Bhaiji has never asked for a pension. While assisting with the 300 people team at Uttarkashi during the terrible earthquake, he wore only khadi clothes even in severe cold. Today, at the age of 78, he continues to conduct youth camps tirelessly.

In 2006, Dr. S.N. Subba Rao received the Jamnalal Bajaj Award in the Constructive Work category.


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Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation was established in 1977, in memory of Jamnalal Bajaj, a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. The Foundation aims to serve the ideals to which he had dedicated his life and promotes Gandhian constructive activities in which he was deeply involved during his lifetime.