1. INS Viraat The HMS Hermes served the British and Indian navies for more than 50 years, after which it was sold to India in 1986 and commissioned into the Navy as INS Viraat.

2. Indo-Pak war of 1971 The picture depicts a scene during the war when 14 Guards were dispatched to capture a Pakistani position at Gangasagar. This was on a major railway link; thus, a strategic position to capture.

3. C V Raman’s discovery In 1954, C V Raman received the Bharat Ratna for his contribution to the country in the field of physics, but later smashed it when he was unable to get funding for the platinum that he needed for his experiments.

4. Famines in India One of the worst events to affect India, the Bengal Famine of 1943 claimed about 4 million lives.

5. Indo-China war The Indo-China war was fought over the Aksai Chin region, which lay along the border. It was a highly disputed region and caught the interest of both countries after seeing its potential.

6. Sardar Vallabhai Patel’s speech One of the most influential political leaders and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress, Sardar Vallabhai Patel advocated for India’s rights and the culture of the motherland. His speech in 1949, was acclaimed for its patriotic message.

7. Ending Portuguese rule in Goa Operation Vijay, which took place in 1961, had one goal in mind — to end the 450 years of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa. It saw the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force come together, and lasted 36 hours.

8. Indira Gandhi’s visit to Morbi A dam on the Machhu river located in Morbi, Gujarat, collapsed in 1979 and found its name in the Guinness Book of Records as the worst dam burst. Killing 1,500 people and more than 13,000 animals, the incident took less than 15 minutes to flood the city.

9. India’s first communication satellite In 1981, ISRO scientists were on the way to launching India’s first communication APPLE satellite from the Guiana Space Centre in France. What is astonishing is that the satellite was put on a bullock cart to be transported!

10. World War I During World War I, there was a massive death toll along with injured soldiers on the battlefield. Influential companies were involved in manufacturing the ambulances — like Rolls-Royce, Daimler, Albion, Morris, Vulcan, Wolseley, Siddeley-Deasy, Renault, and Lanchester.