After the approval of the National e-Governance Plan in 2006, the government launched a series of projects in various sectors to help the common man access a multitude of e-governance services from the comfort of his home.
The Government of India approved the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP), comprising of 27 Mission Mode Projects (MMPs) and 8 components in 2006. In the year 2011, 4 projects – Health, Education, PDS and Posts – were introduced to increase the list of 27 MMPs to 31. Currently, there are 44 MMPs being implemented by the government under e-Kranti.
The 44 MMPs in various sectors
Under Pillar 5 of Digital India, e-Kranti – Electronic delivery of services of Digital India programme, 44 Mission Mode Projects(MMPs) are being implemented by Central Ministries/Departments and State/UT governments to provide complete online services in various domains like Health, Education, Passport Seva, Trade, Income Tax, Excise & Customs, Corporate Affairs, India Post, e-Police, Land Records, etc. Several services are completely online, while some services are partially online.
- 13 of the MMPs are being implemented as Central MMPs
- 17 are being implanted as State MMPs
- 14 of them are being implemented as Integrated MMPs
Initiatives in Various Sectors
Agriculture: The major services of Agriculture MMP include pesticide registration, display of Seed Testing Results, Geographical Information System (GIS) based interface for price & arrival details, district level Agromet advisories, information on pesticides, information on fertilizers/seeds, etc.
Some major mobile applications developed are
- Kisan Suvidha: This app provides information on five critical parameters- weather, input dealers, market price, plant protection and expert advisories.
- Pusha Krishi: This app provides information on latest technologies to farmers.
- Crop Insurance: Famers can learn about insurance premium, notified area, etc. on their mobile.
- Agri Market: Farmer can learn about the prices of various crops in the mandis near him.
- India Weather: This app provides current weather updates and weather forecast for upto 4 days, across the country in more than 300 cities.
The major Web portals developed include the following
- Farmers’ Portal: Farmers’ Portal is a one-stop shop for farmers where a farmer can get information on a range of topics including seeds, fertilizer, pesticides, credit, good practices, dealer networks and availability of inputs, beneficiary list and Agromet advisories.
- mKisan Portal: This is a unified platform using which officials and scientists can send targeted text and voice-based advisories to the farmers on a host of issues related to agriculture and its allied sectors.
- Crop Insurance Portal: This provides complete information related to Crop Insurance Scheme currently being implemented in the country.
- Participatory Guarantee System of India (PGS) Portal. This is a portal for encouraging participatory approach to certification of organic farming in the country.
e-Mandi: The Government has launched the e-Mandi portal to make procurement of agricultural products smoother, and to provide competitive remuneration, especially for small and marginal farmers.
Land Records: Major services of this portal include real-time availability of land records, issuance of Record of Rights along with cadastral maps, issuance of certified copy of deed, issuance of non-encumbrance certificate, payment of stamp duties, etc. Twenty-six states have computerized their land records and provide computerized copies of Records of Rights, on demand. These states have also placed their land record data in the public domain.
School Education Mission Mode Project (MMP): The MMP is focused on Primary, Secondary and Higher Secondary education. It will be a driving force for the implementation of the National Policy on Information & Communication Technology (ICT) in School Education.
National Scholarships Portal (NSP): This portal is a one-stop solution to implement end-to-end disbursement of scholarships to beneficiaries. The process includes student registration, application, approval and disbursement. 76 schemes of 22 Ministries/Departments of the Government are being on-boarded on the portal.
Aadhaar & Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT): 103+ crore citizens have already enrolled in this scheme. Twenty-seven plus crore bank accounts have been seeded with Aadhaar numbers. Seventy-four Government Schemes are on DBT, where Rs. 1.2 lakh crores transferred through DBT.
Central Excise and Customs: Facilitates trade and industry by streamlining and simplifying customs and excise processes, and by creating a climate for voluntary compliance.
MCA 21: The major services delivered under the aegis of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs through MCA21 include viewing of public records, issue of certified copy of documents, change in registered office, change in director(s), annual filings, application for change of name of a company, incorporation of a company and name allocation to a new company.
Passport Seva: Project focuses on reforming passport services in India through simple, efficient and transparent processes, right from processing of passport to delivery of services.
e-Tourist Visa: Tourists can apply for visa online, pay visa fee online and receive e-Tourist Visa online. Around 8.45 lakh e-Tourist Visas have been issued since Nov, 2015.
e-Courts: The services delivered through the e-Courts MMP include automated case filing, automated registration of case, automated workflow for court, generation of automated cause list, judicial service centers in all Courts, automation of case management system, allocation of cases, etc.
Common Services Centers (CSC) 2.0: Under the Digital India Programme, the CSC aims at establishing at least one CSC in each of the 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats (GP) level, to deliver various G2C, B2C and B2B services online.
e-District: e-District services have been launched in 555 districts of the country; this delivers various types of eGovernance services at district level.
Mobile Governance: The Mobile Seva platform delivers Government services over mobile devices using mobile applications installed on the user’s mobile handsets. About 2521 Government departments and agencies at central, state and local levels have been integrated with the Mobile Seva platform.
e-Hospital – Online Registration System (ORS): It includes online appointment and registration by new patients, viewing of lab reports, checking the status of blood availability and integration with payment gateway (PayGov). Forty-three hospitals have been integrated on the platform.
Jeevan Pramaan: Digital Life Certificate for Pensioners scheme known as Jeevan Pramaan envisages digitizing the whole process of securing the life certificate. With this initiative, the pensioner is no longer required to physically present himself or herself in front of the disbursing agency or the certification authority. Jeevan Pramaan is a biometric enabled digital service for pensioners. 16.30 lakh pensioners have registered for the scheme.
Vikaspedia: It is a multilingual collaborative content creation platform that promotes access and sharing of e-knowledge for empowerment of underserved communities. Vikaspedia facilitates societal empowerment through provision of relevant information in various domains including Agriculture, Education, Health, Social Welfare, Energy and e-Governance in 22 scheduled languages of the country, besides English.
MyGov: MyGov aims to establish a link between the Government and citizens towards meeting the goal of good governance. MyGov encourages citizens as well as people abroad to participate in various activities like ‘Do’, ‘Discuss’, ‘Poll’, ‘Talk’, ‘Blog’, etc. There are multiple theme-based discussions on MyGov where a wide range of people can share their thoughts and ideas.