TBI BLOGS: Government to Provide Urban Amenities in Smart Villages to Prevent Migration for Jobs

The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) aims to provide urban amenities in rural areas and thus develop 300 clusters of smart villages around the country in the next three years.

The Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) aims to provide urban amenities in rural areas and thus develop 300 clusters of smart villages around the country in the next three years. 

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission plans to develop 300 clusters of smart villages around the country, which will have urban amenities for rural residents, by 2019-20.

The Mission is a reflection of former President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam’s idea of PURA (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas).

Why is there a need for such a mission ?

Lack of livelihood opportunities, modern amenities and services for decent living in rural areas lead to migration of people to urban areas. To bridge the gap between villages and urban areas, the Mission aims to develop infrastructure, modern amenities and livelihood opportunities.

What is the basic aim of the Mission ?

The Mission aims at the development of rural growth clusters that have latent potential for growth, in all states and union territories, and trigger overall development in the region. Clusters would be developed by provisioning of economic activities, and developing skills and local entrepreneurship with infrastructure amenities. The Rurban Mission will thus develop a cluster of smart villages.

How is this Mission planned under the Framework for Implementation?

State governments identify the clusters in accordance with the Framework for Implementation prepared by the Ministry of Rural Development. Clusters will be geographically contiguous gram panchayats, with a population of about 25,000 to 50,000 in plain and coastal areas, and a population of 5,000 to 15,000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas.

How will the clusters be selected?

The Ministry of Rural Development is adopting a scientific process of cluster selection, by objective analysis of demography, economy, tourism and pilgrimage significance and transportation corridor impact at each level. The mission aims to create 300 such ‘rurban’ growth clusters over the next three years, across the country.

14 components desirable for the cluster

  • Skill development training linked to economic activities
  • Agro Processing/Agri Services/Storage
  • Digital Literacy
  • Sanitation, Provision of piped water supply
  • Upgrading school /higher education facilities
  • Inter-village road connectivity
  • Citizen Service Centres / e-gram connectivity

What impact would this mission have on rural and urban areas?

The scheme, through development of ‘rurban’ growth clusters aimed at catalysing overall regional growth, would simultaneously benefit rural as well as urban areas of the country.

This will help achieve the twin objectives of strengthening rural areas and de-burdening the urban areas, hence leading to balanced regional development and growth in the country.

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