New adoption guidelines will not only make the adoption process easier, but also quicker. Prospective parents can register online and check if there are children legally available to be adopted.
Adoption has always been a complicated procedure in India. From a lot of formalities and paper work, to the strict laws – parents who are willing to bring a child home have to wait forever to get done with the process.
But this will soon change as the Ministry of Women & Child Development has notified new guidelines to make the process quicker and transparent in the country.
The new guidelines will enable changes like treating non-resident Indians at par with Indian citizens, introducing a fixed timeline for adoption, monitoring of adoption agencies, introducing provisions of pre-adoption foster care, and online registrations.
These new changes are a part of the amendments to the Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act that is yet to be passed in Parliament. The current procedure takes at least three to four years to finalize an adoption. For NRIs, the wait is even longer. The new guidelines will make adoption quicker as prospective parents can register online through the child adoption resource information and guidance system to check if a child is legally available to be adopted. The guidelines will be effective from next month.
The information about children will be given on the portal, which will include details like their age, language, gender etc. The Central Adoption Resource Authority has created a database of kids available for adoption and has connected adoption agencies to facilitate the process.
In order to apply for adoption, the prospective parents have to be in a stable marriage for at least a year. Also, the age difference between the child and either parent should not be less than 25 years.
In addition to this, a single mother will be eligible to adopt a child of any gender while a single father will not qualify for adoption of a girl child. A single parent should not be above the age of 45 if he or she wants to adopt a child below the age of four. In case they want to adopt a child who is eight years old or older, the parent should not be over 55 years of age.
These new guidelines are expected to boost the falling adoption rates in the country and help children find new homes.