Benjamin Franklin once said, “When the well is dry, we will know the worth of water”.
With its population expanding on an exponential scale, it wouldn’t be long before India becomes a water-scarce nation.
While rainwater harvesting is an optimal option for standalone households to keep water shortages at bay, the same application, when extended to urban apartments and residential complexes, isn’t quite feasible.
Take, for instance, an apartment complex that houses close to 100 families. The amount of water usage per household when cumulated will be much higher than the rainwater collected. Also, the contraption for collecting rainwater in such humongous quantities would not just prove extremely expensive but also require enormous spaces as well.
So, how do we tackle the imminent crisis before it is too late?
The option of recycling water has been around for quite some time, but one wouldn’t want to consume the ‘used’ water for drinking and household usage. This could perhaps be due to the improper treatment of water that leaves behind an odour and sometimes discolouration.
In a metropolitan city like Bengaluru, many residential compounds have their own sewage treatment plants that recycle the water used by the residents. The maximum use that recycled water from sewage treatment plants or STP finds is for toilet flushes and watering plants. If optimally treated, the recycled water can be the answer to every city’s mushrooming water crunch.
This is what one engineer in the city is trying to do for the last nine years and is doing everything to raise more awareness amidst people about the benefits of water recycling.
TransWaters Private Limited, formerly known as Blorebuy, focuses on providing people with the best and economical water treatment solutions with least environmental impact. The brainchild of Vikas Brahmavar, the company believes in keeping the water as natural as possible with all non-desirable properties removed or reduced to desirable levels depending on the application or requirement.
“The mindset that recycled water is not fit for consumption or household use has to be changed. Sadly, the recycled water from STPs is often treated partially, leaving behind discolouration and a strange odour. This is where we come to action,” says Vikas to The Better India.
Vikas, who spent many years working in the United Kingdom, claims that he was driven by a sense of patriotism, as happens to most Indians while living abroad.
“Many of us wanted to head back home and work for the country, and I was the first to take the plunge. After coming here, I’d realised the thousands of litres of water just goes down the drain every day and found no use absolute use, except for adding untreated effluents to the already diminishing groundwater table. Something had to be done,” he explains.
Using patented recycling systems that Vikas has sourced from the United States, the company treats water that comes after STP treatment to potable quality with the help of naturally mined and processed ores.
The water goes through multiple phases of treatment. In the first stage, the treated STP water is passed through a filter of specialized media to reduce total suspended solids (TSS) and turbidity, following which the second stage of micron filtration is undergone.
These two stages solve issues pertaining to suspended solids and turbidity to a very large extent.
With activated carbon and manganese dioxide based media, the third stage reduces dissolved iron and total organic contamination (TOC).
This is then followed by multiple stages of micron filtrations that remove bacteria, viruses and heavy metals as well as nitrates, fluoride, sulphates and other dissolved salts.
According to Vikas, a filtration efficiency of 0.0001 Micron is achieved through this system and is quite economic.
“When being compared to a general Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane, which has very high water wastage, our specialised design ensures that water wastage is minimal, with every small quantity of wastewater being recycled back,” he says.
Finally, the treated water goes through the process of ozonation system for disinfection and gets stored in a tank.
“Because it is available, we don’t realise the value of water. This mode of treatment technology has been in use for many years abroad with countries like Singapore, USA and Namibia optimally reusing its used water. It is about time that we use it too,” Vikas implores.
TransWaters has a workforce of eight members, including Vikas, and has helped over 400 customers with water solutions since 2008. With customised solutions for individual homes, apartments, villas as well as industries, the company has answers for anyone and everyone who consciously wants to conserve water.
“As the popular saying goes, ‘We don’t inherit the Earth from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children’, we must conserve water while it is in our capacity to do so that our future generations do not hate us for leaving them with nothing,” he adds.
If the water recycling mechanism incorporated by TransWaters is implemented across cities and towns in India, probably there is still hope for the country to evade the impending threat of water scarcity.
You can reach out to the folks behind TransWaters at firstname.lastname@example.org or call at (080) 42128031.