TBI BLOGS: 15 Animal Rights in India That Every Citizen Should Know

Humane Society International (HSI) India is one of the largest non-profit animal protection organizations in the world working to protect all animals—including animals in laboratories, farm animals, companion animals, and wildlife—and our record of achievement demonstrates our dedication and effectiveness.

India has some of the finest provisions to safeguard animals in the world. For example, did you know it is illegal to relocate stray dogs that have been spayed? Or that it is illegal to incite or organize animal fights? Many people may be unaware of the laws compassionate lawmakers have passed to safeguard animals.

Here, Humane Society International/India gives you the lowdown on legislation in relation to animal welfare in India so you can be informed of what protections are available to animals.

1. It is the fundamental duty of every citizen of India to have compassion for all living creatures. Article 51A(g).

Law1_PC N G Jayasimha_HSI India
2. To kill or maim any animal, including stray animals, is a punishable offence. IPC Sections 428 and 429.

Law2_PC Frank Loftus_HSI
3. Abandoning any animal for any reason can land you in prison for up to three months. Section 11(1)(i) and Section 11(1)(j), PCA Act, 1960.

Law5_PC Frank Loftus_HSI
4. No animal (including chickens) can be slaughtered in any place other than a slaughterhouse. Sick or pregnant animals shall not be slaughtered. Rule 3, of Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Slaughterhouse) Rules, 2001 and Chapter 4, Food Safety and Standards Regulations, 2011.

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5. Stray dogs that have been operated for birth control cannot be captured or relocated by anybody including any authority. ABC Rules, 2001.

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6. Neglecting an animal by denying her sufficient food, water, shelter and exercise or by keeping him chained/confined for long hours is punishable by a fine or imprisonment of up to 3 months or both. Section 11(1)(h), PCA Act, 1960.

Law 15_ PC N G Jayasimha_HSI_India

7. Monkeys are protected under the Wildlife (Protection)Act, 1972 and cannot be displayed or owned.

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8. Bears, monkeys, tigers, panthers, lions and bulls are prohibited from being trained and used for entertainment purposes, either in circuses or streets. Section 22(ii), PCA Act, 1960.

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9. Animal sacrifice is illegal in every part of the country. Rule 3, Slaughterhouse Rules, 2001.

Law9_KuniTakahashi_AP Images for HSI
10. Organizing of or participating in or inciting any animal fight is a cognizable offence. Section 11(1)(m)(ii) and Section 11(1)(n), PCA Act, 1960.

Indians watch a traditional buffalo fight in progress at Ahatguri, some 80 kms away from Guwahati, the capital city of India’s northeastern state of Assam on 15 January 2014. The age-old buffalo fight is organised on the occasion of the harvest festival 'Bhogali Bihu' in Assam. PHOTO/ Biju BORO

11. Cosmetics tested on animals and the import of cosmetics tested on animals is banned. Rules 148-C and 135-B of Drugs & Cosmetics Rules, 1945.

Law11_PC Elisa Garrido_HSI

12. Teasing, feeding or disturbing the animals in a zoo and littering the zoo premises is an offence punishable by a fine of Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to three years or both. Section 38J, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Law12_PC Michelle Riley_HSI

 

13. Capturing, trapping, poisoning or baiting of any wild animal or even attempting to do so is punishable by law, with a fine of up to Rs. 25000 or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Law13_PC Frank Loftus_HSI

14. Disturbing or destroying eggs or nests of birds and reptiles or chopping a tree having nests of such birds and reptiles or even attempting to do so constitutes to hunting and attracts a punishment of a fine of up to Rs. 25000, or imprisonment of up to seven years or both. Section 9, Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

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15. Conveying or carrying animals whether in or upon any vehicle, in any manner or position which causes discomfort, pain or suffering is a punishable offence under two Central Acts. Section 11(1)(d) Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, (Transport of Animal) Rules, 2001 and Motor Vehicles Act 1978.

Law 4_PC Frank Loftus_HSI

For more information, please visit hsi.org/india.

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